Join us for “Beyond the Powder: The First Women’s Cross Country Air Race” on May 2nd

All are welcome at the next meeting of the Huffman Prairie Aviation History Society, this coming Monday, May 2, 2016, at 7:00 p.m.

HPAHS_2016-05-02_imageAt this month’s meeting, we will be watching Beyond the Powder: The First Women’s Cross Country Air Race (Hemlock Films).

Beyond the Powder: The Legacy of the First Women’s Cross-Country Air Race is a documentary film that follows the 2014 Air Race Classic racers as they make their way across the country, while telling the story of the original race of 1929, also known as the Powder Puff Derby.

The first Women’s Air Derby in 1929 was flown from Santa Monica to the finish line in Cleveland, kicking off the National Air Races. The eyes of the country watched as these brave women made history flying cross-country, breaking into a competition that was thought to be for men only. They encountered sabotage, death, and all the difficulties of flying at the dawn of aviation.

Today the Powder Puff Derby continues as the Air Race Classic. The modern day racers carry out the legacy of the original racers with their adventurous and rebellious spirit.  Showing that they were more than just their make-up, the original Derby contestants have inspired those flying today to truly push beyond the powder.

This event is free and open to the public. The meeting and presentation will take place at the Huffman Prairie Flying Field Interpretive Center at 2380 Memorial Road (intersection of State Route 444 and Kauffman Road), Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. There is ample free parking, and light refreshments will be provided.

You can view the upcoming schedule of meetings and speakers anytime at : http://www.libraries.wright.edu/community/outofthebox/events/huffman-prairie-aviation-history-society/.

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New Exhibits highlight Original Artifacts & More

We have two new exhibits of original historic artifacts currently on display in our reading room and a fresh exhibit on the first floor of Dunbar Library!

One new exhibit in our reading room highlights artifacts from the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Records (MS-434). The exhibit includes objects important to the practice of Jewish traditions, including a Tzedukah, Mezuzzah, and Havadalah service. This exhibit was created by Nina Herzog, archives student assistant and Public History graduate student.

Jewish artifacts exhibit, April 2016

Jewish artifacts exhibit, April 2016

 

The second exhibit of original materials centers on veterans, including items from the Civil War, WWI, and WWII. Among the items in this exhibit are several original medals, ribbons, and pins awarded to Lt. General Frank Maxwell Andrews (MS-440). The exhibit also includes items from the American Red Cross, Dayton Area Chapter Records (MS-121); Alice Carr Papers (MS-135); Oscar Ladley Papers (MS-138); and Seth Furnas WWII Papers (SC-107). This exhibit was created by our Lauren Lyon, undergraduate intern, with some help from our student assistants Andrew Clinard and Sarah Allison.

Veterans materials exhibit, April 2016

Veterans materials exhibit, April 2016

Detail of Andrews awards, April 2016

Detail of Andrews awards, April 2016

These exhibits include some of the comparatively few three-dimensional artifacts in our holdings, as we manuscript archives do not typically collect set out to collect objects. Archives focus primarily on documents, while artifacts are generally the domain of museums.

Our intern Lauren also worked with Dawne on creating a refreshed edition of our Wright School of Aviation and Exhibition Team exhibit, which was installed on the first floor of the Dunbar Library earlier this month.

Lauren Lyon with the Wright School of Aviation and Exhibition Team exhibit, April 2016

Lauren Lyon with the Wright School of Aviation and Exhibition Team exhibit, April 2016

Wright School of Aviation and Exhibition Team exhibit, April 2016

Wright School of Aviation and Exhibition Team exhibit, April 2016

We hope you’ll stop by the Dunbar Library sometime soon to visit us and have a look at these and more exhibits!

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Dr. Joshua Martin: Pioneer Physician of the Miami Valley

By Sarah Allison, archives student worker & Public History graduate student

Imagine a time without anesthesia, where unnecessary amputations happened every day, and the common cold could kill you. Modern era physicians don’t have to worry because of the results of early medicine. It is, however, what the early doctors of the Miami Valley encountered in Dayton. Physicians started coming before 1803 to start their practices. Many of the physicians were educated at early medical schools such as the University of Pennsylvania (1765), Transylvania University (1780), and the Medical College of Ohio (1819). Both practicing physicians and medical journal writers, the educated physicians cured much of the Miami Valley. Locally, Greene County’s physicians led their own paths, and their collections can be found in Wright State University’s Special Collections and Archives. The medical instruments includes scarificators, amputation kits, saddlebags and portable powdered medical vials. The collection ranges from early 19th century to modern 20th century realia.

Dr. Joshua Martin's pocket medicine case (realia 80.1.30 S2)

Dr. Joshua Martin’s pocket medicine case (realia 80.1.30 S2)

In Xenia, Ohio, one of the earliest doctors on record is Dr. Joshua Martin. Martin, born March 23, 1791, in Loudoun County, Virginia, immigrated to Greene County in 1813. During his early adolescence, he studied under a country doctor. Opening a practice soon after arrival it remained for another four decades. In 1815 due to an overwhelming boom in his practice, he left the medical profession less than a year and moved to Lawrenceburg, Indiana, with his brother to be a mercantiler. As a failed businessman, he returned to Xenia and married his first wife Hester Whiteman in 1818. Hester died in Feburary 1834, and in April 1835 he married Sarah Poague, who later died leaving an infant daughter in 1841. As a result, Martin brought his four unmarried sisters to live with him from Virginia where one died in 1851. His other three sisters and his daughter lived with him until his death in 1855.

Dr. Joshua Martin (from "A Memoir of Joshua Martin, M.D.," page 7)

Dr. Joshua Martin (from “A Memoir of Joshua Martin, M.D.,” page 7)

Epidemics were commonplace, and between the years of 1814-1845 the Miami Valley had witnessed cold plague, cholera, and typhoid fever. Martin introduced advanced treatments for the cold plague and saved lives. Cold plague was a malignant form of bilious pneumonia. Outside his practice he was a leader in the community. Advocating for women’s education, he was a board member of the Xenia Female Seminary and Collegiate Institute. Also, he was member of the Temperance Society and charter member of Masonic Lodge No. 49 in 1818, serving as worshipful master. Other social activities included being President of The Greene County Anti-Slavery Society, and he had a freed slave that had worked with him in the 1850’s by the name of Moses Stublefield in Xenia.

Martin was a general practitioner and a published physician in medical journals. Such a case written was about a set of conjoined twins at the abdomen from a woman in Lebanon he attended. The mother survived, but days later both infants died. Gaining his education at Transylvania University’s medical school located in Lexington, Kentucky, in 1826 he returned to Xenia. The Dr. Joshua Martin Collection (FSC-4) holds his diploma from both the university and the Medical Society of Lexington. His medical thesis dissertation can be found at Transylvania University and seen digitally online entitled “On Ascites”.

Martin's Transylvania University diploma, 1826 (from FSC-4)

Martin’s Transylvania University diploma, 1826 (from FSC-4)

Martin's Lexington Medical Society certificate, 1826 (from FSC-4)

Martin’s Lexington Medical Society certificate, 1826 (from FSC-4)

Transylvania University was founded in 1780, and is regarded as the 16th oldest university in the United States. In December of 1798, there was an act of consolidation that formed the university officially and in early 1799; there were efforts of creating the first medical college in the Mississippi valley. It wasn’t until 1819 that a curriculum was established for students, prior to that it consisted of preceptorships and irregular lectures. Transylvania’s Medical Department enrollment graduated a little under 2,000 physicians and over 4,000 students between the years of 1799-1859. The Board of Trustees named it the Medical Department in the College of Transylvania. The first faculty members were some of the best classically trained doctors of their time.  Medical societies were founded soon after to continue education in the medical field and attracted young pupils for membership, this could explain the medical certificate mentioned in the Joshua Martin Collection. In 1820 between donations of the citizens, the city of Lexington, and southern physicians, $13,000 was given to go to Europe to buy books and apparatuses for the medical department. The medical school closed in the 1850’s due to the land lock in Lexington and that both the cities of Louisville and Cincinnati were opening their individual medical schools along the rivers.

Sarah Allison, the author, displays Dr. Martin's Transylvania University diploma from 1826 on the left, alongside her own Transylvania University degree certificate from 2015, on the right.

Sarah Allison, the author, displays Dr. Martin’s Transylvania University diploma from 1826 on the left, alongside her own Transylvania University degree certificate from 2015, on the right.

The relationship with Transylvania University and Greene County continues into the 1830’s in connection with the medical faculty. Many of the doctors whom graduated with their M.D. migrated to towns like Cincinnati, Dayton and Xenia. The majority of doctors in the west had gained their education through Transylvania. Dr. Daniel Drake, originally Materials Medica Professor for Transylvania University, in 1819 chartered The Ohio Medical College located in Cincinnati and was chair. In 1823 Drake returned to Transylvania where he met Martin as a student. When in the 1830’s the Medical College of Ohio had been closed for legal issues with the state, Joshua Martin was appointed to the committee that led the Third District Medical Society to re-establish the school. He at the time was President of the Third District Medical Society of Ohio. Martin had been associated with the Third District since 1824 when the counties of Greene and Warren combined to have the authority to grant medical license for practice as censors. The college later evolved into the Cincinnati Medical College that he later was both trustee and professor of medicine. Martin also was a member of the Greene County Medical Society as Vice President.

John Dawson, his biographer stated:

Dr. Martin, however, acted well his part, was always more than the circumstances with      which he was surrounded , and where he was known, there is an abiding consciousness that he contributed to make the community of which he was a member wiser, happier, and better.

Dr. Joshua Martin died in October of 1855 during a stay in Louisville after a period of ill health. His death reached Xenia by telegraph and a city mourned their physician. The funeral was the largest held in the county, with miles of carriages traveling to Woodland Cemetery for the internment. Businesses were suspended in the town in honor of the doctor. Local physicians and citizens gathered to make resolutions of bereavement to the families and it was to be published in medical journals. During his time in Xenia he had many pupils that studied medicine under his tutelage. He was said to be one of the greatest doctors in the county.

Resources to learn further:

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