Please note that the part two blog post has now been added to the New Jersey eBook Summit Summary.
Today the NJ State Library, LinbraryLinkNJ- The NJ Library Cooperative, NJ Library Association and the NJLA Reference Section sponsored an E-book Summit in Eatontown, New Jersey. The line-up of speakers included:
- Eli Neiburger, Ann Arbor District Library
- Sue Polanka, Wright State University Library & No Shelf Required
- Robert Miller, Director of Books, Internet Archive
- Mary Minow, Attorney, Consultant, and Former Librarian
- Joseph Sanchez, University of Colorado – Denver
Mary Minow – E-book buying vs. licensing, a multi-layered legal perspective. Mary discussed layers of control and rising issues for accessibility and privacy, and what are our ebook futures. Layers of control – Physical, copyright, licenses/agreements, and encryption/DRM, and the DMCA. The physical layer of control was chains on books, 2nd layer was the publishers wanting control and thus copyright was born, licenses cover the vendors, DRM protects digital copies and the DMCA makes it illegal to “pick locks on digital content”. DRM is a digital restrictions management that has nothing to do with copyright.
- The purpose of copyright law is to expand knowledge.
- Copyright on published works – life of author plus 70 years.
- Section 108g of the copyright law allows libraries to do ILL.
- Libraries are still subject to the copyright restrictions on ebooks. They can’t make copies, etc.
- What is first sale? Important for our existence. Allows us to loan books and sell used books. This is in the US, but don’t take it for granted b/c it’s not the same in other countries. Some libraries in other countries have to pay royalties on the times a book is checked out.
- Fair use argument to allow library loans – 4 factors in the law. purpose, nature, amount, and market effect.
- Copyright only protects the publisher and author, not the vendor, so vendors need a license agreement. The license agreement negates copyright, so technically we start with ILL, the license agreement takes it away. So, don’t sign license agreements that take it away.
- Removing DRM is easy to do, but should you/can you do it? DMCA of 1998 made it a crime to “pick the lock” and remove the DRM. DMCA is a law that criminalizes tampering with digital locks. But, there are some exceptions, but they are very narrow and revised every 3 years. July 2010 – added ebook controls on read-aloud functions when all existing editions block accessibility. Cell phone apps interoperability.
- Mary recommends that if we buy something as an ebook, we also buy a print copy for accessibility, or choose accessible readers. iPad is getting high marks as an accessible format. DAISY format books available on open library and Internet Archive, but users need a “key.” They need to qualify for the program.
Joseph Sanchez – Joseph is formerly with Red Rocks Community College and now with the University of Colorado -Denver. His presentation was titled The eRoad Less Travelled: Getting Control, Staying Relevant. There is no one answer, b/c we each have different needs. Joseph provided a flesh and bones look at many of the things the speakers today have discussed. Red Rocks started circulating second gen Kindles and first gen iPads as soon as they hit the market. He chose Kindle b/c he beta tested several devices with students and found they wanted immediate results and Kindle was the answer. They tried a unique patron driven model where they purchased titles on demand for the Kindle. Joseph showed a video he produced at RRCC, available on his blog, The Book My Friend. RRCC built a video production studio for his community, so they could be partners with the students in producing content. Need to look at this as all digital content, not just eBooks. Joseph went into detail on a program in Colorado where they are hosting ebooks on an Adobe Content Server and are able to lend them one user at a time. More information on his project is on his blog and in an audio interview that I had with Joseph earlier this year.